A skin condition that occurs when hair follicles plug with oil and dead skin cells. Acne is most common in teenagers and young adults. Symptoms range from inflamed blackheads to pus-filled pimples or large, red and tender bumps. Treatments include over-the-counter creams and cleanser, as well as prescription antibiotics.
A condition in which brown patches appear on the face. Melasma can be due to hormonal changes during pregnancy or from sun exposure. Women are much more likely than men to develop this condition.The brown or grey-brown patches of melasma appear most often on the cheeks, forehead, nose and chin.In women, melasma often fades on its own after pregnancy or after an affected woman stops taking contraceptive pills. Skin lightening creams can help lasting melasma.
Allergy occurs when a person reacts to substances in the environment that are harmless to most people. These substances are known as allergens and are found in dust mites, pets, pollen, insects, ticks, moulds, foods and some medications. Atopy is the genetic tendency to develop allergic diseases.
An itchy inflammation of the skin.Atopic dermatitis usually develops in early childhood and is more common in people who have a family history of the condition.The main symptom is a rash that typically appears on the arms and behind the knees, but can also appear anywhere.Treatment includes avoiding soap and other irritants. Certain creams or ointments may also provide relief from the itching.
A disease that causes the loss of skin colour in blotches. Vitiligo occurs when pigment-producing cells die or stop functioning. Loss of skin colour can affect any part of the body, including the mouth, hair and eyes. It may be more noticeable in people with darker skin. Treatment may improve the appearance of the skin but doesn’t cure the disease.
A condition in which skin cells build up and form scales and itchy, dry patches. Psoriasis is thought to be an immune system problem. Triggers include infections, stress and cold. The most common symptom is a rash on the skin, but sometimes the rash involves the nails or joints. Treatment aims to remove scales and stop skin cells from growing so quickly. Topical ointments, light therapy and medication can offer relief.
Wrinkles are creases, folds, or ridges in the skin. They naturally appear as people get older. The first wrinkles tend to appear on a person’s face in areas where the skin naturally folds during facial expressions. They develop due to the skin becoming thinner and less elastic over time.